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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.46
Indigenous resistance to mining extractivism in Mexico
This paper aims to present a broad panorama of the indigenous territorial struggles that are taking place in Mexico against the mining extractive model that has been in place for two decades. From a perspective of accumulation by dispossession (Harvey, 2004) I will give an overview of the quantitative dimensions of the dispossession of indigenous territories. I will discuss the turn of the Mexican economic development model that opted for an extractivist model with enormous ecological, social and violation costs of collective rights of indigenous peoples. Likewise, the costs in terms of national sovereignty are equally harmful. In this scenario, transnational corporations are the most benefited, placing the country as a global enclave. Faced with this panorama, the resistance struggles of the indigenous peoples are expressed in broad social movements, the creation of regional, national and even Mesoamerican organizations and networks, as well as the construction of alliances with environmentalists, social movements. Another significant expression of resistance has been the carrying out of large popular trials against mining companies and the Mexican government. Likewise, the strategic litigation has contributed to having some triumphs. I will review some of the paradigmatic cases that symbolize the strength of territorial struggles (Ulloa, 2016). Showing that these struggles express a strengthening of indigenous identities and forms of organization and collective production and in this process they have achieved some triumphs.