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Mobilities of Indian Punjabi migrants in the Greater Toronto Area
This paper discusses geographical and social mobilities of Indian Punjabi migrants in the Greater Toronto Area, where more than half the population is foreign born. People migrated from Punjab, India is one of the large ethnic communities there. Although their transnational networks and move between India and Canada have been studied in the context of Indian diaspora or Sikh diaspora, previous studies focus less on geographical mobility including local move in their daily life and social mobility. We look into these mobilities and show significance of study on the mobilities to understand migrants’ life in global contexts. The geographical mobility we cover here deals with not only transnational move between India and Canada but also interstate domestic move in Canada and localized move in their daily life. These different levels of geographical mobility can be thought with relevance of social mobility, that is, vertical move among social status. This paper examines when and how migrants’ practices for their better future can be risks and uncertainness in their daily life and their future. Through a case study from an anthropological micro perspective, we found migrants’ mobilities as practices for their better life, at the same time, as anxieties about more insecure future in a translocal society. We try to describe how relations in a translocal society can influence geographical and social mobilities of migrants and how migrants try to overcome unstable situation by their practices of mobilities.