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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.129
Indigenous island life in time of cruise ship tourism development: opportunities, changes, challenges
The Isle of Pines is a part of the archipelago of New Caledonia which is a special collectivity of France. The economic development of the Isle of Pines is related to the general tendencies in the territory, whose economy is based on the mineral resources of New Caledonia. In places without nickel deposits tourism is seen as a lever for sustainable development. Nevertheless, high living costs and lack of cheap flights make the Caledonian tourism sector structurally inefficient. In result, this destination is more expensive than the other archipelagos of the South Pacific and therefore less attractive in the eyes of tourists (Gay 2009). Cruise tourism appears then as an alternative to hotel tourism (LeFevre 2007). Present on the coasts of the Isle of Pines for over thirty years and for more than a hundred days per year, the large ships and their passengers have become an important component of the tourist landscape of this Melanesian island. However, the indigenous Kanak community has a desire to strike a balance between their traditions and development of tourist activities. As tourism development brings many social, economic and political changes, the presentation – based on the ethnographic research which have been led in New Caledonia since 2014 – will examine the consequences of expansion of cruise ship tourism on the Isle of Pines. How is it managed on a customary indigenous island territory? What is the state of its development on the island and what challenges lie ahead?