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From "Hometown of Overseas Chinese" to "Diaolou Country": the Construction and Practice of Place Identity of Locals in the Background of Heritage Tourism Development
Recently, the impacts of heritage tourism on space identity is considered to be important reflection of the global-local dialectic, the locals' place identity is reshaped during the contest of ownership and authorship. As a result, the development of Kaiping as a heritages site inspires a lot of discussion. The paper adopts a comprehensive method of literature, observation and interview to analyze the change of locals' place identity and the specific content of locality of ""Diaolou country"". The main conclusions are: In the ""Hometown of overseas Chinese"" of new period, the identity based on the consanguinity and geographical relationship confronts with severe crisis. With the development of heritage tourism, people achieve place identity by external cultural expression instead of by internal economic links. They promote their differences from other groups rather than the unity in their group. Locals struggle for the right to define local place in their own way through practice. The subject of practice is not clan community but local community, the area is not the heritage core region but the whole place, and the object is not ""Diaolou country"" as a symbol but the hometown of Diaolou culture. Place identity is reproduced in the interaction, which represents the dialectic between competition and fusion. The study not only provides cases for the study of local identity and heritage tourism, but also appeals to attach importance to the integrity and continuity of social development, which expands the direction for the study of overseas Chinese society.