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The “Relocalization” Practice and Ethnic Relation in urbanization of Xishuangbanna, China
As the most intuitive representation in regional culture, ethnic architecture changes in the image and connotation under the dual role of globalization and localization, bringing a series of restructuring in the man-land relationship. At the beginning of urbanization in Xishuangbanna, China, the Dai Ganlan-style houses are gradually transformed into Han flat-roof buildings that integrated in the foreign materials, and the traditional culture consciousness of Dai people is also declined driven by the economic interests. Local government conducts a series of “relocalization” reform movement, including covering the Han-type flat-roof houses with triangle roof, guiding local Dai people to build houses with the new residential construction books, putting the ethnic characteristics into the design requirements on foreign developing projects. Therefore, they transform the foreign building materials, architectural culture and the internal structure of Han into the characterization of architectural significance and value of ethnic minority. Although the “relocalization” process is dominated by the administrative power, local residents and immigrants also adjust and adapt mutually in the practice. For example, Han immigrants build the Dai houses, gradually forming a long-term relation of cooperation; Han immigrants and local Dai people live in one house, forming a relationship of interdependence and embedded survival type, including rental, daily business, and information exchange; Dai people bring forward the demand of Han immigrants into the house building under the influence of market competition. Both of them create a model that preserves both regional features and economic interests with their own logic, producing a new diversified borderland architectural culture.