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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.19
Displaced cultural spaces and hierarchies of belonging – case of the refugees from the Donbass and Crimea
This study is aimed at unveiling mechanisms that allow societies coping with real or hybrid war and intensive migration flows to decrease potential conflicts, by discussing the role of receiving communities in accommodation of uprooted people, in fostering or preventing the associated with those processes conflicts. It also targeted mechanisms of identity-making and social distancing, which can/sometimes coincide with borders of the conflict. Analysis demonstrates that although the sites of the conflict are described in ethnic terms – “pro-Russian rebels”, “pro-Ukrainian forces” social distancing towards Ukrainian IDPs in Ukraine not so much based on ethnolinguistic differences as on questioning or limiting their Ukrainian citizenship rights and freedoms. In recent scholarship focusing on Ukrainian IDPs, citizenship (and associated with it rights) is customarily targeted through legal-political perspective. This study shows that citizenship might become an important maker for social hierarchisation and identity building, not only in the situation of cross-border migration but also for Ukrainian IDPs relocated within Ukraine, who have their formal membership in the state, yet lack some of the rights that are meant to go with this. Citizenship often becomes a central category of displaced persons’ self-understanding and assertions of who they are, be it on the territory of Ukraine or in other countries. Neither relocation from the same territory (e.g. Crimean Tatars and non-Crimean Tatars coming from Crimea), nor belonging to the same ethnolinguistic group could be decisive in defining how processes of social distancing and limits of ‘Otherness’ are experienced in everyday interactions by the IDPs.