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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.19
Polish migration policy towards the wave of migrants from Ukraine
Poland remains the main EU country in which Ukrainians work, because of several competitive advantages: extensive migration networks, a liberal procedure for legalising residence and work (for short periods). In 2013-2017, only 92 Ukrainian citizens were granted refugee status in the Republic of Poland, and 313 decisions on granting subsidiary protection. People applying for international protection in Poland came mainly from Donetsk (65%) and Luhansk (18%) circuits as well as from Crimea (9%). In institutional and legal terms, the Ukrainian state had almost no procedures in place to deal with the problem of internally displaced persons. What can we conclude from official data and will it become the basis for creating future migration strategies in public policy in the face of the protracted Ukrainian-Russian conflict? The introduction of visa-free travel seems to have little impact on the migration flows of Ukrainian citizens to the EU. Poland also issued a significant number of national visas for the purpose of performing work. Tourist traffic, especially individual traffic, may increase. It can not be ruled out that Ukrainian citizens will take advantage of this opportunity to try to enter countries that have been of little interest so far, leading to a less liberal visa policy. Does the migration policy give an opportunity to meet the local needs of the labor markets and whether we introduce a policy towards migrants that will bring about an effective change in circular migration for long-term stays. Probably, the current circular migration model will stop attracting new people.