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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.123
Migrants’ music: an ethnography aboard long distance buses
This paper is based on an ethnography conducted from winter to summer 2019 at a migrants’ reception center in Bayonne (South-West of France) and aboard long distance buses between Bayonne and Paris. As an ethnologist, I argue that paying attention to sound and music can help us to reconsider the separation between tourism, migration and exile. In France, the bus transport sector was liberalised in 2015 by the Macron law, named after the then Minister of Economy Emmanuel Macron. Since then, ""Macron buses"" have been travelling around France and Europe at low prices, disrupting the market of transport and modifying representations of mobility. Today, people considered as « migrants » or « tourists » are taking the same buses. In November 2018, Bayonne's long-distance bus terminal moved from the city centre to the entrance of the new Pausa migrants’ reception centre, a stopover point managed by local associations where migrants crossing the border with Spain can sleep, eat and rest before continuing their journey north. Will the bus terminal stay in front of the centre at the end of July, when Bayonne welcome more than one million people for its annual Ferias ? In other words, will Bayonne be able to welcome both those considered as « tourists » and those considered as « migrants » ? Will some Pausa migrants become touristic (musical) entrepreneurs ? In fact, some of them decided to stay at Pausa, reconfiguring its initial purpose to be a transitional place.