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Poznań, Poland -
Exploitation of Hydrocarbons and Social Vulnerability in Veracruz, Mexico
This paper is going to focus on the situation of social vulnerability faced by rural women in the municipality of Papantla, Veracruz (Mexico). This will be illustrated by the issues of access to water and health services. This data will be examined from the intersectionality perspective, taking into account the impact of neoliberal policies at a local level, as well as the fact that local dynamics form part of the interlegality processes embedded in historical and power relations. The extraction of hydrocarbons (oil and gas) that has been taking place in this municipality for decades has a direct impact on the lives of the men and women in the rural localities where this activity is carried out. The situation of social vulnerability will be increased by continued oil exploitation with the use of fracking which has devastating effects on both the environment and the health of the inhabitants. Because these impacts can affect men and women differently, I would like to point out in this paper that the implementation of extractive policies in the field of hydrocarbons can increase the vulnerability and social exclusion that these women from rural localities are experiencing, where there is a high percentage of indigenous population. The human rights issues will be examined in this context.