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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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From Waste to Ressource. Anthropology of Recycling of Urban Scums [Commission on Urban Anthropology]


Location: Poznań, Poland
Date: 31 Aug 12:15 - 14:00


Room 2.123

As Douglas has showed it, dirt is a matter out of place and beyond classifications, what and whom we consider as unclean challenges the social order and it is classified as a scum by society. Kristeva also argues that our seemingly natural reaction to abject and abjection needs to be (re)considered and interpreted in spatial metaphors. “Spaces of abjection” therefore produce beliefs and practices related to the distanciation and distinction of the unclean while stigmatize and marginalize not only individuals and populations but also the way those are materially and spatially inscribed. Recycling and all the activities related to the process of reclassification of the unnecessary and/or unclean in fact reevaluates the categories of thought, values and social hierarchies of clean and dirty, useful and useless, dignified and undignified, noble and ignoble. We are particularly interested in the processes through which waste becomes a resource both in formal and informal contexts of habitat. This invites us to study the conception, perception and experience of spaces (Lefevbre) by questioning 1) The use of waste in space conception and production. 2) The ways people inhabit spaces, the uses and appropriations of waste by residents, domestic units and collective spaces. Capitalism's way of recovering from these forms of critiques of industrial production and overconsumption (Boltanski and Chiapello) by transforming it into symbolic and market value (as recycling lobbying), will also attract our attention.


  • P 102.1
    • Dr. VEDRINE, Corine (Laure-EVS/Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Lyon)
    • Dr. Petrova, Velislava (Sofia University St Kliment Ohridski)

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Displaying 6 contributions out of 6
While production of solid waste is increasing following population growth, in France energetic valorization by incineration is one of main solutions for treatment. The reason is that incineration reduces 70% of waste mass. Every year Lyon city transforms 60% of its household waste production into 70 000 to 85 000 tons of rubbish ashes. This huge amount of ashes causes storage problems and high cos ... More
Presented by Estelle MORLE on 31/8/2019 at 12:15
The seeming disrepair of informal settlements hides the complex temporalities of construction processes, waste management challenges and a thriving economy relying on waste collection, storage and resell. Different types of waste (household trash, block party litter, rubble, discarded furniture) relies on specific economic and social networks that dispose, store and reuse what can either be seen a ... More
Presented by Rovy PESSOA FERREIRA on 31/8/2019 at 13:35
When I first started to work with street-sweepers in Lyon (France), I was startled by the adjective “dirty” so often used to qualify a public space covered by fallen tree leaves. Workers would explain that “a tree leaf is not dirty”, but as they are creeping everywhere, inhabitants and shopkeepers are complaining. Later on, I discovered that leaf litter was used by the city to produce comp ... More
Presented by Dr. Gibert MARIE-PIERRE on 31/8/2019 at 12:55
From “waste” (devalued or useless) to “resources” (valuable and useful) is a process of value transformation and reclassification as it moves along time and space. In neoliberal value, urban decay is associated with waste, unattended, discarded, and uninhabited desolation that is characterized with abandoned buildings and infrastructure. Urban renewal has been implemented to replace the po ... More
Presented by Dr. Jingjing LI on 31/8/2019 at 13:15
After a 9 months field research period conducted in Morocco, this paper aims to set out the main points of the social life of urban waste studied in Casablanca. Waste is intended as an event that produces exchange and sharing processes between people, places and objects, through formal and informal practices, spatially and temporally defined. After a fundamental analysis of the administrative, pol ... More
Presented by Anna KARIN GIANNOTTA on 31/8/2019 at 12:35
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