Deprecated instance! Use the new indico2
27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
Home > Timetable > Session details > Contribution details

Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.19

Natak: political theatre and political deceit in Mumbai


  • Dr. Lisa BJÖRKMAN

Primary authors


This talk is about cash-compensated crowds that assemble for political gatherings - protest marches, road blocks, campaign rallies – in the Indian city of Mumbai. Popular and scholarly discourse tends to dismiss paid crowds as inauthentic, even fraudulent forms of political assembly. This research instead explores cash-compensated crowds as instances of political utterance and representation, probing the dueling moral registers by means of which the theatrical character of political life in Mumbai is evaluated: as either political theatre or political deceit. On some occasions, cash-compensated mass assembly are characterized as “meaningless” and as “only natak” (drama, theatre) – suggesting a normative understanding of what a “meaningful” political rally should be. But in other contexts, we see that it is precisely its very theatrical quality that renders a rally compelling or convincing at all. When – in what contexts - is natak evaluated as a compelling idiom of political utterance, communication and representation, and when is political theatre is described as ‘only natak’ -– a disdainful dismissal that suggests that something is only theatrical when it ought not to be – or indeed is pretending not to be? Taking theatricality and performance seriously as an idiom of political speech, the accounts suggest, may offer one way out of the impasses of post-truth political present where political communication tends to be either evaluated for its truth value or else dismissed as lies. Attending to explicitly theatrical dimensions of political life calls attention to a richer array of ideas and moral-evaluative frameworks.