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CUTURAL ADAPTIVENESS, HUMAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY: the case of a Polish-Brazilian Colony in Southern Brazil
This paper is based on a long-term study conducted from September 1983 to October 1984 and follows up visits in 1990, 2001 and 2019. This approach has permitted to observe the the transformations which have happened in three decades: global, countrywide and local perspectives, looking into the larger processes of changes from the ecological standpoint (the natural, the socioeconomic and the cultural environments) and how they have influenced local adaptive responses oriented both by risk averting and risk taking from the part of the present generations. For accomplishing its objective, it will present, discuss and analyze some of the issues related to those adaptive responses meant to keep environmental security on the part of the descents of the peasant-like landed agriculturalists and animal herders, which have been slowly and decisively adopting modern technologies, following the path for market-oriented production, and becoming modern family-farmers since the mid-eighties. As part of the external factors, the transformations which took place in the surrounding area, having car factories and satellite industry as its main cause of economic development, have been a powerful factor of attraction of the younger generations both to factory jobs and support services, such as buying trucks for hauling freight to the nearest seaport. The long-term analysis considers the upturns and downturns of the peasant-like/family-farmer economy from the 1980ties through the present, and examine the role played by their differentiated ethnic identity as a centripetal force in their response to the macro and micro level environmental centrifugal forces pointed out above.