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Gender effects on health outcomes in rural Jigawa State, Nigeria
We analysed a DHS (Demographic and Health Survey) dataset on health and living conditions indicators among 1021 children (51% girls, 49% boys), under 5 years of age, living in rural areas of Jigawa State, Nigeria. The percentage of overall undernutrition is very high with 59% of the children being classified as stunted, and 43% as underweight. There is a gender effect on health and nutritional outcomes, with boys showing lower mean values for weight-for-age and weight-for-height than girls. Maternal characteristics such as: age at the time of the survey, age at first birth, educational level, and perceived autonomy in the household, also impacted on the health of the children. Variables on water, sanitation, and hygiene also associated with overall health and nutritional status of the children, in some cases, mediated by gender. More than 40% of the mothers agreed that husbands are allowed to beat them when women argue, go out of the home without asking permission, neglect their children, or refuse sexual intercourse. This presentation will disuss in detail maternal and child health outcomes that associated with different family dynamics and perceptions of basic women's rights.