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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Ethnographic Encounters on African Youth and Families: Norms, Education, Employment, and Marginalization


Location: Poznań, Poland
Date: 30 Aug 11:00 - 15:30


Room 2.99

In pre-colonial traditional African societies, male young people were expected and prepared to defend and fight for the community. The “Masai Moran warriors"", for example, was a categorical regiment of the Masai society. Women on the other hand were expected and groomed to do daily domestic labour for their families until marriage when they were expected to give birth to children. With modernization and globalization, some values have been abandoned and others mixed or swallowed by a wave of the capitalist monetary economy, and the youth life course is drastically changing. In recent years, many African nations have increasingly started to have education as a pillar of modernization strategy and societal determinant. Today, there is no opportunity for gainful employment without academic background. The pressure on parents and kins to educate children is getting heavier. Despite remarkable economic growth in most African countries, economic disparities are increasing. Even with good educational background, there is a strong system, tracing to the traditional kinships, controlling employability. Between family expectations and reality, many young people are lost in systematic integration. In this panel, we share this basic overview of contemporary Africa, and we will focus on the way youth life course, as well as associated gender, norms, education, employment, population growth issues through examining ethnographic cases in Africa. We would like to analyze and discuss the relationships between the realities of youth and their families (societies) as well.


  • P 67.1
    • Dr. Shiino, Wakana (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    • Dr. Atekyereza, Peter (Makerere University)
  • P 67.2
    • Dr. Shiino, Wakana (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    • Dr. Atekyereza, Peter (Makerere University)

Timetable | Contribution List

Displaying 11 contributions out of 11
This paper explores how Nuer young men try to cope with the situation after the ethnic violence in South Sudan. Nuer men used to have scarifications, six parallel lines on their forehead through rite of initiation. Nowadays, not all Nuer men have scarifications. At the time of ethnic violence during conflict occurred in the end of 2013, their fates were seriously affected by whether or not they ha ... More
Presented by Dr. Eri HASHIMOTO on 30/8/2019 at 12:25
In the persisting patriarchal community, which, in the last decades, had to learn how to combine different subsistence strategies besides pastoralism in an attempt to survive, the author through the analysis of the researched material composed from the statements of selected Datoga members and families (Buradiga subsection) in a particular locality of Igunga district with negligible schooling enro ... More
Presented by Dr. Emília BIHARIOVÁ
Before colonialism, education in Uganda was non-formal. Men and women were socialized into role obligations directly related to their livelihoods. Everyone had work and worked towards society’s physical and socio-economic cohesion and survival. The African extended family was the ‘school’ accessible to all children and youth for the requisite knowledge, competencies and skills. It was access ... More
Presented by Dr. Peter ATEKYEREZA on 30/8/2019 at 9:40
Capitalising on the Pokot community, the paper ethnographically uses female genital modifications (FGM) to demonstrate rites of passage as arenas of gender construction and marginalisation in Africa. In her journey to womanhood for instance, a Pokot girl undergoes at least fifteen (15) traditional FGM rites organised in the three Van Gennep stages of separation, limen and incorporation. During thi ... More
Presented by Chris. C. OPESEN on 30/8/2019 at 11:00
Africa, especially in the sub-Saharan region, has the fastest-growing middle class in the world. This, coupled with a population boom, means that the region’s demand for higher education could be set for some dramatic rises in the years ahead. In this regard, a number of studies have been conducted on the international mobility analyzing the trend of destination for study by young people from Af ... More
Presented by Dr. Noriko NARISAWA on 30/8/2019 at 10:00
This presentation discovers that music has brought a new social relations to youth by analyzing the development process of a modern dance show, karioki, which has flourished in Kampala, Uganda from the early 21st century. Originally, karioki used to be played as a mere amusement by university students in Kampala who were fascinated by American popular music. A few years later, it was transformed ... More
Presented by Dr. Midori DAIMON on 30/8/2019 at 12:05
In northern Uganda, two decades of armed conflict had end in the late 2000s. As the rebel group had continued to attack local villages and abduct local people, Acholi people killed each other. After abduction, some of ex-soldiers have returned their home. Although they lived peacefully, burdened with killing experience that were too much for them to forget. And this is why various international or ... More
Presented by Hiroko KAWAGUCHI on 30/8/2019 at 11:20
Since free primary education policy prevailed in the latter half of the 1990s, the popularization of secondary and higher education has extended to every nook and corner in Eastern Africa. Such situation raised myriads of rural-urban migration of youth but also uncomfortable social contradiction regarding school fees and joblessness as well. This contradiction caused a population of educated idle ... More
Presented by Dr. Soichiro SHIRAISHI on 30/8/2019 at 10:20
This presentation aims to investigate the conditions of the women who become ‘house girls’ or housemaids, and their relationship with elite women. Women who are able to become elites by financially independence are able to maintain their status of ‘motherhood’ by having others – house girls – take over the domestic responsibilities traditionally assumed to be the mother’s job. Amon ... More
Presented by Dr. Wakana SHIINO on 30/8/2019 at 11:45
The article presents an in-depth analysis of the youth unemployment problem and its effect on family in contemporary Uganda. It emphasized the dynamics of youth unemployment and the nexus with changing family value systems. How has youth unemployment discernibly changed power relations in family value systems? While investigating the tenets, causes, and implications of youth unemployment. I highli ... More
Presented by Ian KARUSIGARIRA on 30/8/2019 at 12:45
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