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Folk Knowledge and Water Resource Management with Reference to Pallar Community in Tamil Nadu
Pallar is an ancient Tamil community living Tamil Nadu, one of the southern states of India, and since the Sangam age it is associated with agriculture activities and known for the management of water resources. This paper studies their folklore, water management system and legal issues involved. A vast amount of Sangam literature and other archaeological findings are pieces of evidence for their long association with the water resource management and as a result of their long association with the agricultural activities and irrigation system as well as water resource management practices, they have developed very rich folklore traditions that are followed in modern times without any interruption. The folklore of the Pallar community that consists of oral literature, performing arts, ritual activities and belief system, reflect the embedded folk knowledge that must be explored in order to understand the legal value of it. As this study requires data that will be collected through observation and interview methods. The southern part of Tamil Nadu particularly Thirunelveli and Thuthukudi districts will be taken up for field study and the collected data will be analyzed to understand the avenues of addressing the sustainability. This study gains importance as it interlinks the areas of folk knowledge, natural (water) resource management, legal issues and sustainable development in the globalization context by focusing on data collected from Pallar community in Tamil Nadu.