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Conservation of Natural Resources and Tradition of Folk-lore: A Case study of The Indigenous Peoples of Jharkhand, India.
At first instance folklore and conservation seems to be parts of entirely different domains. Folklore is taken as material of language and literature whereas conservation is matter of environmental science. This article strives to connect each other in the context of the indigenous peoples of Jharkhand, India. Jharkhand is a rich place in terms of natural resources. Literal meaning of Jharkhand is “Land of Forest”. There are large patches of Sal forest in Jharkhand. These forests are the buffer zones of bio-diversity. The forest is also home to various wild animals. Jharkhand is homeland of Adivasis, The Indigenous Peopels. Adivasis are very close to nature, both physically and spiritually. Their villages are often surrounded by forest and they are still very much dependent on it. On the other hand they consider themselves as children of nature and custodians of the forest. Their way of life and culture is woven around the natural resources particularly forest. Adivasis also have rich oral tradition of folk songs. In their songs they often talk about the elements of natural resources. This article studies the folk songs related to natural resources and tries to find out the importance of folk songs in the endeavor for conservation of the natural resources.