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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.160

Development Induced Displacement and Tribal Land Rights in Mining Areas of Jharkhand & Odisha



Primary authors


The tribal inhabited land of Jharkhand and Odisha remained in controversy over issues of development and displacement in India. The tribal communities which were historically ostracized from mainstream have hardly attained any development. Jharkhand and Odisha which together constitutes to one of the largest deposits of natural resources in India have unfortunately deprived its tribal people from access. Contrarily, the State has exploited the natural resources by all possible means. This has resulted in an imbalance which gave birth to mass resentment at various point of time. The militant outfit dominated by tribal people called Naxal is one of its birth-child. It has constantly remained in a state of war with the State of India and has resulted in huge bloodshed. Known as Naxalism in Red-Carpet, the militant outfit grew immensely due to rise in recruitments of tribal people. Majority of them are the victims of State policies. Of many, the resultant displacement of tribal population from their original habitation has caused many to join Naxals. It has exacerbated due to rising State intervention for mining related activities. Industrial establishments under State patronage have grossly violated human rights of tribal people. They are subjected to displacement from their land in lieu of industrial setups. Tribals are least employed and those employed are also marginally paid under discriminated laws. Though State claims for transforming tribal livelihood to better standard of living but that remained in policies papers and not in reality on ground.