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Autonomy, Self-Governance and the dilemmas of Pathalgadi Movement in Tribal Areas of Jharkhand: A Socio-Legal Inquiry
Tribal communities in India are having a predominantly distinct system of self-governance. It has successfully worked in establishing an orderly structure of their social habitation. Each tribal community in India is having its own system of governance. Of many in India, the system of governance among tribal communities of Jharkhand known as pathalgadi has its own distinctness. It has evolved by time and has resulted in establishing a common system of governance for multiple tribal communities. The State, until recently has maintained a policy of non-intervention in their socio-political organization. But now departing from its previous stand, it has started frequently intervening in their autonomy and system of governance. On the pretext of various issues like prevalent illicit trade and drug-trafficking, the State use to justify its policies. Of many, it is the security concerns which are employed on regular basis. Militant forces called Naxalites, which are at conflict with State are defined as the major threat to peace and security. And on this ground, State justifies intervention. It is alleged that tribal system of governance the pathalgadi is major obstacle that prevent State from implementing its policies. It has now started delegitimizing them only to facilitate its interventionist policies. State is alleged of intervention with the objective of extracting natural resources for private gains of few individual business houses while tribal communities contrarily are alleged of supporting anti-national forces which are threat to peace and security of the region.