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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.160

Customs and Conflicts in Tribal Areas of Jharkhand, India

Speakers

  • Dr. GangaNath JHA

Primary authors

Description

The situation become worst when the concurrent government tried to amend the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act. The anger burst out in the form of pathalgadi. Pathalgadi is basically a way to demarcate the territories of Mundari villages. The Pathalgadis have accused the government of snatching away the rights of the tribal people of Jharkhand, while the government has declared them illegal. The situation become worst when the concurrent government tried to amend the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act. This law prohibited the transfer of tribal land to non-tribals while favouring community ownership. The anger burst out in the form of pathalgadi. Pathalgadi is basically a way to demarcate the territories of Mundari villages and it is proclaimed that the outsiders (government officials) are not allowed to in without the permission of traditional gram sabha. The Pathalgadis have accused the government of snatching away the rights of the tribal people of Jharkhand, while the government has declared them illegal. In the above backdrop, this paper has tried to analyse all the incidences of conflicts between Munda tribe and the government after creation of Jharkhand and explored the reasons behind them. It has also analysed few Mundari customs viz- Munda-Manki, Land Ownership and Death Rituals in concurrent situation and myths and facts related with them. The findings of this paper is based on both secondary and primary data.