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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.94
Hope and Quality of Life of Pregnant Women
This is part of larger study which gives insights into the Croatian Islands' Birth Cohort Study (CRIBS) with a focus on hope and health-related quality of life (QoL). The aims of the study were to investigate determinants of the QoL of pregnant women and hope as potential predictor of QoL domains. Hope is based on an individuals’ perception and thought processes regarding their ability to achieve desired goals; as mental motivation to initiate and sustain movement toward goals, as well as perceived ability to generate strategies or pathways to attain one's goals. The sample consisted of 302 healthy pregnant women (18 to 28 weeks of gestation) involved from February 2016 to June 2018, using WHOQoL-bref, Adult Hope Scale, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and the perceived stress appraisals. Subjective QoL of pregnant women appears to be very high in all four domains but structure of predictors differs. The greatest variance was explained in Psychological health domain (42%) and the smallest in Physical health (25%). Two hope subscales explained greatest variance of all QoL domains (9.5% to 27.5%), except Physical domain. Hope agency was individual predictor of all four domains, where women with greater hope had greater QoL. Women with greater sense of being able to generate successful plans to meet goals (Hope pathway) had greater individual perception of QoL only related to Psychological health and Environment. Results will discuss theoretical and research frameworks of hope, psychological adjustment and health within the cultural context.