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Physical Growth and Nutritional Status of School Going Children: A Study of Andh Tribe in Maharashtra
The growth and development of child consists of a highly complex series of changes and interaction of genes, hormones, nutrients and a environment in which the child lives. A cross sectional study was conducted among the Andh tribe of Nanded District of Maharashtra. The study aims to assess the physical growth of school going children (6-18 yrs). The data were collected using Anthropometry (Height, Weight, Mid Upper Arm circumference by following standard methods. Weight for Age, Height for Age, MUAC and BMI were used to assess the Physical Growth and Nutritional Status. The result shows that overall growth status of both the tribal children is lower as compared to national reference values of NIN.In all the anthropometric parameters taken into consideration, representing the major growth faltering. The height comparison shows lesser faltering as compared to the weight. This brings to the forefront that their innate potential to grow normally is being hampered by harsh environmental condition. The study indices it is easily observed that even if boys and girls are equally malnourished, boys are slightly more malnourished than the girls. This may be due to different growth pattern of girls than boys during pubertal stages. This Studies show that communities living in different ecosystems have varying degree of nutritional and health status. Because of the uncertainty of food supply they tend to suffer from under nutrition. In addition, lack of proper health care, poor dietary habits, unhygienic conditions (but in small amount) and lack of nutrient rich diet cause malnutrition.