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Evacuation for the Livestock Farmers in Fukushima Nuclear Disaster
The paper discusses how the nuclear power plant accident occurred on 11 March in Fukushima, Japan, affected the livestock farmers. Those who lived within a radius of 20km from the power plant were forced to immediately evacuate and euthanize all the livestock. Whereas, away from the site nearly 30km, there were livestock farmers who were forced to evacuate (more precisely, inhabitants of two villages, Iitate and Katsurao) but could lawfully move their livestock out of 30km radius and continue breeding and raising them as long as they pass the screening test. Despite this seemingly hopeful option, most of them discontinued their livestock farming. With relatively preferable conditions than in the municipalities which host the power plant, why did they need to stop their farmers’ life just like those who were within a radius of 20km from the site? Moreover, after the evacuation order is lifted nearly 6 years after the accident, more than 90% percent of livestock farmers and more than 70% of villagers did not return to the original place (as of November 2018). By closely looking at the farmers who could possibly move their livestock out of the affected area but eventually didn’t, the paper attempts to clarify what did the evacuation mean for the livestock farmers who had suddenly become evacuees on 11 March 2011 in Fukushima. The study eventually seeks for a power relationship lying between two industries, primary industry and the nuclear power generation.