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Exploring the nexus between Labour Migration and infectious Risks. Critical analysis in Laos
The links between population flows, disease transmission and higher vulnerability to sexual health risks among migrant populations are well known. This paper aims to interrogate these issues in the Laotian context from a critical perspective and through the lens of “embodiment” an anthropological paradigm that analyzes the body to be considered “as a subject of culture”. First we examine internal migration processes in Laos. Secondly we approach the modernization of Lao society through the monetization of society and school expansion. Then we analyze the evolution of courtship and gender relations. Lastly we investigate how internal and cross-border migration trajectories are intertwined with health determinants and high risk sexual practices from the perspective of women migrants. I rely on the narratives of young women who grown up in rural areas. 30 young student women working as bar hostess at evening time and 20 women having migrated to Thailand to work in restaurant, construction site, garment factory and sex industry. The tremendous social transformations in progress in Laos have various impacts on the lives of people and on their social interactions across the country. This also raises various alarming issues about the HIV epidemic spread in Laos.