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Changing Land – Relationship of Adivasies in Jharkhand: A Historical Perspective
The issue of land tenure has found very imminent in the studies of socio-economic studies and very difficult to deny that it has no prominent position among the property to be acquire or held with and some time it become the definition of socio-economic condition of an individual. From the historical concept of land holding, it was always abided by some community rule or statutory regulation governed by ruler of the period. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as behave as per associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions. But irrespective of the concept of land as property, the indigenous people with independent cultural identities have much deeper relationship with their lands. Their cultural belives and lands including spirituality, each are intertwined. From classical history to Mughal Era and till beginning of British period the lands and forests within village boundary are held commonly with the tribal community. But further political process viz. during Mughal emperor to British era it had beeb eroded.This Paper is emphasising on political process and change in structure of power as well as land ownership of these tribal of Jharkhand state.This paper also traces up the general customary practices and statutory laws over the period and the various amendments till the date.