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Customary land tenure practice among the tribes of Odisha
Tribes in India have distinct cultural practice, ethnic identity and socioeconomic status. Tribal economy is governed by customary as well as statutory provisions. Despite statutory provisions by state, customary land tenure practice continues with or without any inflicted conflicts in the tribal territory. Customary land tenure is an inbuilt cultural mechanism of the lineage society. Majority of the tribes in India, mostly in the north-eastern provinces have customary practice in which community interest outweighs private interest. Odisha is also a typical state where primitiveness of the tribes continues with customary provision and statutory intervention. There are efforts by the states to codify such customary practice. But due to lack of interest and understanding about culture and ethics in resource management and overlapping interest there is persistent conflict with the existing land tenure. In view, the paper attempts to draws ethnographic insights from the field based experiences in Odisha as well as insights from the selected literature.