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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Continuity and change in land tenure system of South Asia


Location: Poznań, Poland
Date: 29 Aug 15:30 - 17:15


Room 3.136

Land tenure system is more or less similar but complex among the South Asian countries. Apart from three major tenure systems such as zamindari, raiyatwari and mahalwari systems there were a large number of sub-tenures established during the British administration in the Indian subcontinent. These tenures and sub-tenures were deeply ingrained with culture, social and economic values, and ideologies of the state. The colonial land policy and land tenure system has undergone changes with new constitutional framework after independence. The nations and states have framed new set of land policies or they have inherited basic legal and structural framework from the colonial land policies. Some states have recognised customary land tenure practice and the other states have failed to do so. In some states there are good land governance practices and some other states are facing key governance challenges. South Asian nations share many similarities and differences with respect to the land tenure system. The transition has not be always smooth but with conflict and resistance. In view of above, the followings are the objectives and themes of the session Culture and land tenure Colonial root of land tenure system in South Asia Changing tenure system in South Asia Land tenures in hill regions and plateaus Customary and statutory land tenure system Customary practice in the tribal areas Tenancy issues in South Asia Property rights and gender Religious rights and authority over land Common property resource management Public land management Any other relevant issue related to land tenure


  • P 52.1
    • Dr. Behera, Hari Charan (Indian Statistical Institute)
    • Dr. Behura, Ajit Kumar (Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-ISM))
    • Dr. Ala Uddin, Muhammad (University of Chittagong)

Timetable | Contribution List

Displaying 6 contributions out of 6
The issue of land tenure has found very imminent in the studies of socio-economic studies and very difficult to deny that it has no prominent position among the property to be acquire or held with and some time it become the definition of socio-economic condition of an individual. From the historical concept of land holding, it was always abided by some community rule or statutory regulation gover ... More
Presented by Ashish Aman SINHA on 29/8/2019 at 14:30
Presented by Dr. Hari Charan BEHERA, Dr. Ajit Kumar BEHURA, Dr. Muhammad ALA UDDIN, Dr. N.K. DAS - DISCUSSANT
Tribes in India have distinct cultural practice, ethnic identity and socioeconomic status. Tribal economy is governed by customary as well as statutory provisions. Despite statutory provisions by state, customary land tenure practice continues with or without any inflicted conflicts in the tribal territory. Customary land tenure is an inbuilt cultural mechanism of the lineage society. Majority of ... More
Presented by Dr. Ajit Kumar BEHURA on 29/8/2019 at 15:50
The Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), located in the southeastern part of Bangladesh, hosts 11 heterogeneous indigenous groups. Over time, the region has routinely been affected by successive intruders (i.e. Mughal, British, Pakistani, and Bengali). Since the mid-1970s, it has witnessed ethnic conflict between the indigenous people and Bengali migrants. The situation intensified in the wake of a state ... More
Presented by Dr. Muhammad Ala UDDIN on 29/8/2019 at 16:50
Land is the basis of livelihoods for peasants and indigenous people in the India and also an important asset in the global economy. Colonization was based on the violent takeover of land. And now, globalization as recolonization is leading to a massive land grab in India, in Africa, in Latin America which implies many risks and few benefits. Land is being grabbed for speculative investment, for sp ... More
Presented by Amiya Kumar SAHOO on 29/8/2019 at 16:10
Three major land tenure systems that originated during the British colonial rule in India still have major influence to contemporary land and revenue administration in India. Zamindari system which accounted nearly 57 percent of the area under land administration is the largest but most complex land tenure system. The ryotwari system which was implemented and enforced after the zamindari system co ... More
Presented by Dr. HARI CHARAN BEHERA on 29/8/2019 at 13:30
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