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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 1.71

Changing Images of Gender in Sports: The Case of Women’s Rugby in Japan


  • Prof. Eiko Hara KUSABA

Primary authors


Rugby has long been recognized as men’s sports. One reason is, rugby has developed among public schools in England. In this situation, rugby was played by boys. Rugby team₋work had been used as a metaphor for well-organized companies in Japan. Sweat and power were symbolic of men; until recently rugby was the image of men’s sports. However, now, women have advanced in many sports, even in rugby. Are the metaphors also changing? How are women recruited for rugby in Japan? I researched some rugby clubs for children, adults and junior high school students. When the clubs intended to establish a women’s rugby team, they all confronted the problem that it was not easy to gather the women members. How do they get the women members? Can they change the image of gender in sports? This presentation will address rugby since the inclusion of women. @font-face { font-family: "MS 明朝"; }@font-face { font-family: Century; }@font-face { font-family: Century; }@font-face { font-family: "@MS 明朝"; }p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal { margin: 0mm 0mm 0.0001pt; text-align: justify; font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: "Century", "serif"; }.MsoChpDefault { font-family: "Century", "serif"; }div.WordSection1 { }