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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.20

Neo-nationalism as a reaction to globalisation and superstate

Speakers

  • Dr. Petr SKALNIK

Primary authors

Description

According to Gellner the raison d´être of nationalism is the (nation) state. This has been gradually achieved in Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa and Oceania through the desintegration of colonial and multi-national empires. The nation-building process was accompanied and enabled by national languages. Many a colonial languages remained (the Americas, most of Africa, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa before and after apartheid, and post-independence English imposed on Namibia). Ironically, English is now the main language of the EU while UK exits. Iran reacted to speedy westernisation by Islamic revolution. Arab „revolutions“ are reactions to secular regimes of capitalist or socialist kinds. Basically the nation state, though many declare its demise, is a very successful invention. The present neo-nationalism is the reaction to supranational integration imposed by economic globalisation or late imperial ideological interests. The Soviet Union fell apart for various reasons but neo-nationalist states such as Ukraine, Georgia, the Baltic states or even the autonomous Tatarstan are now thriving. China still keeps the empire together but may eventually face nationalist explosions on its margins.The European Union is under threat of late because various neo-nationalist elites find unbearable the super-state trends and economic neo-liberalism of bureaucratic cosmopolites. Nationalism is a populist doctrine by definition that was framed by democratic polities. Neo-nationalism, however, uses populism as a substitute for liberal democracy. The result could be closed national societies that (once again) become prone to military solutions of their differences.