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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.21

Does representation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions reduces gender inequality? Voices from periphery.


  • Dr. Eswarappa KASI

Primary authors


  • SUMAN DAS (National Institute of Technology , Rourkela)


Through the enactment of 73rd Amendment Act, the power equations were decentralised but women participation is conspicuously absent in the field of representation at the local councils. Women’s participation in politics, is appallingly low as compared to men not only in India but rest of world, would serve as a powerful tool of empowerment. The elected representatives of women in Panchayat Raj Institutions constitute meagre 46 percent which is predominantly less as compared to men participation in India (Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India). With 73rd amendment act 1992 in India 33 percent of seats were reserved for women in Panchayat Raj Institutions but how far in reality it was effective still needs a second thought. Although power has devolved but the Indian social structure depicts altogether different decision making phenomenon in the form of elite capture and proxy participation which directly affects women role in political participation. The paper attempts to examine why women participation in politics is low in local governance by taking references from Kerala, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. It would throw light on how women representation in PRIs will address important concern namely gender inequality and participation in decision making process. The paper will rely on both primary and secondary data. The secondary data will be collected from published data and journals of Government of India, World Bank, UN –Women and other sources. The primary data will be collected from elected women representative’s members of PRIs through randomly selected Gram Panchayat of Odisha.