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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.21

Industrilization, development and Inclusive Tribal Rights: A case study of Niyamgiri Kondh Tribe of Orissa


  • Dr. Bibekananda NAYAK

Primary authors


The crises faced among the tribal community have been exclusion from the developmental policy. Tribes are the most victimized in terms of their identity, culture, forceful displacement from their habitat. The impact of industrializations has affected the marginalized people in general and tribal in particular. The tribal economy is being replaced by the global market economy, which has created obstacle in the livelihood patterns of everyday lives of the tribals.. Inspite of KBK project, Kondh are facing starvation deaths. Also the establishment of Vedanta Aluminum Company has disturbed their livelihood, lifestyle, identity and land rights. Their agricultural land has been sacked, natural belief system has been lapsed, and diseases have been spread through water contamination. All this has accelerated the environmental degradation. Though government paper present they have distributed compensation to the tribals but in reality most of them are just fake stories. Such situation demands that the governmental policy has to focus on the pros and cons of the region. It can be said that to facilitate industry one has to be in pace with the traditional values, community needs, and individual requirements of the aborigine tribes. Also policies have to ensure the rights of the tribal in order to preserve their distinct culture. The present study is conducted to analyse the problem faced by the Kondh in terms of occupational, lifestyle, identity crises along with the impact of developmental activity.