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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 1.44
Dispossession, devaluation, and the (un-)making of authoritarian populism
This paper examines the role that various forms of dispossession – economic, political, social – play in the making and possibly unmaking of authoritarian populism in Turkey. Turkey in the last decade was characterized by a revaluation of social-political relations and established hierarchies, based on a claim of diametrically opposed values in the population, which went hand in hand with the assembling of new riches. This process of revaluation was ratcheted up since the summer of 2015, with the renewed violence in the Southeast, and in the aftermath of the failed coup of 2016. The paper examines in particular how decree law – framed as anti-terror measure – was used as a tool for dispossession of oppositional groups as well as former allies of the regime and in this way as a means to shore up the current hegemonic project of authoritarian populism. It points here to a possible contradiction: while dispossession, in its various forms, is contributing to the alliance-formation at the heart of the current hegemonic project and its attempts to re-make the state, it also feeds into economic instabilities and an increase in international tensions that that might undermine it in the mid- to long run. Much of this will depend on the success of the current regime in managing the various forms of (de-)valuation that have characterized Turkish politics in the past years to maintain ""active consent"" (Hall 1988) of both dominant and subordinate groups in the alliance.