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Evaluation of Respiratory Functions and Occupational Health Hazard: An Anthropological Review
Evaluation of Respiratory Functions and Occupatinal Health Hazard: An Anthropological review * *Kaarthikeyan.R, MA Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, Pondicherry University, India. As the textile industry employs the largest number of workers after agriculture sector in Indian economy, it therefore acts as the pillar of Indian economy and provide significance to the economy of the country. keeping this in mind the present Anthropological work was carried out to evaluate the respiratory functions among the textile workers working in textile industries in India. A comparative analysis is made to study the influence of lung infections among the textile workers over the non-textile workers (control subjects). The study was conducted with 463 adult workers in different sectors in seventeen different factories and 457 non-textile workers from the same region were studied. Statistical analysis like odds ratio and t-test were done to determine significant difference between textile workers and control subjects. Respiratory symptoms were low in control subjects and high in textile workers. A multivariate analysis showed the period of exposure in cases like smoking habits, wool/synthetic sector, scouring and spinning sector, poor ventilation, living in muddy house(kaccha) with dry floor and less than 2 rooms, dirty surroundings, using smoke emitting stoves, usage of cow dung/firewood as source of fuel for cooking and for other miscellaneous activities were the most detrimental factors for cardio respiratory problems or respiratory function problem among textile workers in India.