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Health Dynamics and Occupational Profile in Western India
Occupational profile is a prominent social determinant which not only has direct influence on health and well-being but also interacts with other determinants to a produce a vital effect on health of an individual. In context of developing countries such as India, there exists a complex relationship between occupational activity and health status. In western India, people engage in an array of economic pursuits ranging from agriculture, trade and business, fishing (especially in coastal regions) to daily wage activities. In order to sustain life, they pursue economic activities in accordance to their socio-economic and education level, prevalent physical environment and social support network. Caste composition and social stratification also play a critical role in economic pursuit both in industrial and government sector. Owing to lack of proper facilities in working environment, inadequate budget allocations towards occupational health facilities, absence and/or lack of community involvement, corruption among workers, trade unions and government officials, lack of awareness and proper education, the occupational healthcare infrastructure is crumbling in India. Further occupational hazards, unemployment and lower wages have significantly affected the mental, physical and social well being of workers. Hence the present study has made an attempt to address and unravel the relationship between occupational structure and the health status of people living in western India from socio-cultural perspective. In addition certain suggestions and strategies have proposed to strengthen the occupational healthcare infrastructure in India.