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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 1.71

Citizenship Practices in the Resistance


  • Dr. Itsuhiro HAZAMA

Primary authors


The global citvil societies have adopted a policy in pursuit of a national isomorphism of politics, economics, culture and society in the Karamoja area, Uganda. The analytic focus of this paper is on the means by which these pastoralists embodied the practice of ethnic citizenship in defence of their habitat and as a means of resisting the dominant order, bypassing the normative idea of citizenship. Pastoralists in the Karamoja area, who have confronted the nation state regarding its raiding activities whilst fully aware that direct confrontation with power influences the relationship between the perpetrators of unilateral violence and their victims, appreciate the risks inherent in outright criticism of inconsistencies in state governance. Furthermore, their views do not align with those of the ruling order, who hold that the state is equal to social order. Their strategy was to nurture a repertoire of multiple citizenships, to adapt them to various social and political scenarios and to insist on the rights of animals to co-citizenship on pastoral land. The nation state has consistently politicised subsistence pastoralism since the colonial period, forcing pastoral societies to abandon the practice and homogenising them into a nation-state system. The pastoralists, however, have insisted on ethnic citizenship that extends to animals, asserting their spontaneous organisational form in the face of hostility from the ethnic group with hegemony in the nation state. In doing so, they accomplished a political struggle for the ‘right’ to be ‘different’ within the exclusive definition of nation-state identity.