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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Pastoralists and Resilience: Rethinking the Inside and Outside Perspectives of the Pastoral Communities [Commission of Nomadic Peoples]

Place

Location: Poznań, Poland
Date: 30 Aug 11:00 - 15:30

Description

Room 1.71

This panel takes an anthropological look at the dynamics of resilience amongst pastoralists. Resilience in pastoral systems remains poorly defined, and mostly from the perspective of international development, i.e. from an outsider’s perspective’. Should we, as anthropologists, discard this concept as a buzzword or rather ‘own it’, adapting it to the discipline’s analytical and methodological tool-bag. In the latter case, we would need to question: what is actually happening in those processes/dimensions of pastoral systems currently analyzed by reference to the concept of resilience? Mainstream development narratives, now combined with climate-change arguments and predominantly neoliberal in their ideological orientation, frame pastoralists as ‘vulnerable’ social groups whose ‘resilience’ need enhancing. Pastoralists’ presumed lack of resilience is often associated with their mobile lifestyle, with mobility understood as a liability. This contradicts the ethnographic evidence that pastoralists specialize to make use of highly variable environments, and that identifies mobility as an adaptive strategy of production. Moreover, pastoralists themselves increasingly combine insiders’ and outsiders’ patterns of resilience while adapting to the new natural and artificial aspects of their productive environment, from development projects and increasingly aggressive markets, to climate change, sedentarization, and conflict. This panel looks at the ways resilience is represented within pastoral development discourses and interventions, but also at the ways pastoralists themselves talk and act in relation to their own dynamics of vulnerability/resilience. We are interested in exploring how these two perspectives overlap or diverge across a comparative sample.

Conveners

  • P 64.1
    • Dr. Konaka, Shinya (University of Shizuoka)
    • Dr. Krätli, Saverio (Commission of Nomadic Peoples)
  • P 64.2
    • Dr. Konaka, Shinya (University of Shizuoka)
    • Dr. Krätli, Saverio (Commission of Nomadic Peoples)

Timetable | Contribution List

Displaying 13 contributions out of 13
Livestock is an essential asset to pastoralist households. Zoonoses - animal diseases transmittable to humans - therefore greatly affect pastoralist livelihoods, economic output and health. As poverty and low socio-economic status are considered main determinants of people’s vulnerability to disease, pastoralists affected by conflict or disasters are at an even higher risk. Pastoralists may beco ... More
Presented by Dorien BRAAM on 30/8/2019 at 13:05
This paper addresses the questions: (1) can non-pastoral activities and livelihood diversification be important keys for building resilience among pastoralists of northern Kenya; and (2) what types of non-pastoral activities may sustain pastoralism in the future under rapidly changing contexts, and which ones may undermine it? To answer these questions, the paper uses the case of the Il Chamus com ... More
Presented by Dr. Peter LITTLE on 30/8/2019 at 12:25
The global citvil societies have adopted a policy in pursuit of a national isomorphism of politics, economics, culture and society in the Karamoja area, Uganda. The analytic focus of this paper is on the means by which these pastoralists embodied the practice of ethnic citizenship in defence of their habitat and as a means of resisting the dominant order, bypassing the normative idea of citizenshi ... More
Presented by Dr. Itsuhiro HAZAMA on 30/8/2019 at 12:45
The Daasanach living around the border area among Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan have fought with four neighboring pastoral groups, or “enemies” (kiz). In the Daasanach language, the two words meaning armed conflict with the enemy are sulla and osu. Both words refer to the main purpose of killing the enemy and raiding their livestock. On the other hand, many Daasanach have individual amicable ... More
Presented by Dr. Toru SAGAWA on 30/8/2019 at 9:00
Excluding pastoralists from futuremaking in the name of development and modernity has created, what in chemistry is known as toxic synergy. Development patterns that seemed to make sense in one institutional framework (e.g Sustainable Development Goals) were matched with market mechanisms that seemed to make sense in another institutional framework (economic growth and investment). States and past ... More
Presented by Dr. Echi Christina GABBERT on 30/8/2019 at 10:20
Ideas of resilience are not new. Etymologically grounded on post-classical Latin resilientia, resilience has travelled across several disciplines to a considerable stretch from its original meanings. It has become a “key political category of our time” (Neocleus 2013), being quickly modelled, operationalised, and implemented, despite a general lack of nuanced understanding of what it means. Ro ... More
Presented by Greta SEMPLICI on 30/8/2019 at 10:00
Over the past few decades, changes in socio-economic and political systems, land use, and recent global climatic conditions have adversely affected agricultural, and mobile pastoral people across the world. However, in India and elsewhere these people have been able to continue their age-old occupations through environmentally sustainable ways forming part of their social and cultural practices. T ... More
Presented by Bikku BIKKU on 30/8/2019 at 9:40
After the catastrophic 2010-12 East Africa Drought, both governments of East African countries and international development agencies campaigned to enhance resilience of local communities in natural disasters. In Kenya, efforts have been made to provide drought early warning information, develop new water resources, and advocate livelihood diversification and livestock selling. Based on a case ... More
Presented by Dr. Xiaogang SUN on 30/8/2019 at 11:45
This paper reports from a research project with pastoralist women in three different eco-systems of India. Virtually nothing is known to the outside world about how these women resist and accommodate change as they encounter the state project of settlement, and neo-liberal values of marketisation and privatisation of land and livestock ownership which are transitioning pastoralism itself from a mo ... More
Presented by Dr. Caroline DYER
This paper explores the nexus of pastoral livelihood resilience and the tenacity of land tenure institutions. It is empirically grounded in the persistently unfenced mountain pastures of contemporary Kyrgyzstan. The conventional story of 20thcentury mobile pastoralism in Central Asia usually sounds bleak: decades of disruptive socialist interventions dismantled older access management regimes; ... More
Presented by Lisa Francesca RAIL on 30/8/2019 at 12:05
Nomadic pastoralism has been maintained for centuries in Anatolian geography. In 1520, one third of the population was estimated to be either semi-nomadic and nomadic pastoral. Despite resettlement policies adapted in 16 centuries and onwards, nomadism stayed as tradition even today. Sarıkeçili Yoruks are true ambassadors of this culture even though their ever-declining numbers. Throughout the h ... More
Presented by Dr. Ayse Hilal Tuztas HORZUMLU on 30/8/2019 at 9:20
This research is focused primarily on the small local group of Nenetses from the Pur forest. The territory inhabited by the Vyngapur Nenetses was one of the first in the Iamal-Nenets District to attract oil and gas development companies in 1970’s. At present, there are many towns in the region dedicated to Oil and Gas extraction where shift workers have settled. The region is divided into east a ... More
Presented by Elena VOLZHANINA
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