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27-31 August 2019
Poznań, Poland
Europe/Warsaw timezone
programme last update: 23 August 2019
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Contribution Paper

Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 2.4

Continuity of Social Relationships between Real Societies and Cyberspaces in Tibetan Society, North India


  • Dr. Chihiro NAKAYASHIKI

Primary authors


This presentation aims to clarify how Tibetan people in North India recognize and experience their relationships with others in real lives and cyberspaces. This presentation also tries to show the continuity and the interaction between them rather than their separation. As we can see from the Arab Spring, cyberspaces have been closely related to people’s behavior and politics since 2000. India also has similar situations. In India, there were more than 400 million subscribers to data communication services through mobile devices in 2017. In Spiti, located in the middle of the Himalayas, almost all people have a mobile phone. Cyberspaces are a necessary part of their lives. When we compare real societies to cyberspaces, there’re not only differences but also similarities. In Spiti, on the one hand, people emphasize their bodily coexistence (face to face communication) or senses of “the here and now” when they build their relationships. On the other hand, they also focus on the sense of “the here and now” in their cyberspaces. For example, they try to exchange messages only when both people are online. Here, we can see a particular way of behaving, an attitude to others and a sense of coexistence in Spiti. There are also cases in which conflicts in cyberspaces cause relationships to worsen in real societies. That’s why it’s difficult to distinguish real societies from cyberspaces. Real societies affect cyberspaces and vice versa. This presentation tries to show the continuity between them and how both spaces can be recognized as “real”.