Deprecated instance! Use the new indico2
Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.3
How anthropology can contribute to policies to prevent HIV/AIDS: reflections from the field
Policies to reduce HIV/AIDS differ at national levels, but many are in line with international goals and programs, such as the UNAIDS Strategy 2016-2021: “On the Fast-Track to end AIDS” and are based on human rights. Nevertheless, in practice, different populations, such as members of various ethnic groups, religions or professions, as well as people in different stages of the life cycle (adolescents, pregnant women, elderly), may not be addressed in a culture or gender relevant way, thus posing barriers for treatment. Others may even be excluded from HIV prevention programs or treatment, as in the case of migrants and asylum seekers. In addition, in some countries, specific target groups such as commercial sex workers or MSM may be discouraged from accessing services, due to fear of stigma and discrimination. However, these gaps may be reduced by innovative projects to enhance culture and gender sensitive treatment and to combat discrimination, initiated by NGOs and civil society, often in close collaboration with governments and international organizations. This paper is based on my experience as an applied anthropologist, working as an international consultant for different organizations. Together with local colleagues and partners, community participatory qualitative rapid assessments (RAP) were developed and conducted in order to better understand the gaps and barriers to HIV treatment and prevention in different settings and countries. Recommendations from the field and lessons learned from successful activities and interventions to prevent HIV will be shared and the potential contribution of anthropology to policies will be discussed.