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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.106
A Tale of Two Cities in the World of Maluku
This paper shows how cultural diplomacy facilitates public-people solidarities in the revitalization of old cores of the island-cities of Ternate and Tidore, the main seats of the historical World of Maluku, Indonesia. Comparing the two cities as commercetown and courttown, the paper shows that an agency of the central government is needed to facilitate cooperation between local governments and local communities but that, in order to be successful, the agency needs to chart the connections among the actors and simultaneously define the heritage revitalization projects as arenas that intertwine different organizational and everyday worlds. Particularly important is to study through the process of heritage policy-making and not regarding the process as an assembly line with the physical old city cores as input and cultural development policies as output. When seen as a heritagization process, the inclusive policy-making related to the revitalization of the old cores highlights the role of the central government agency as a cultural broker, who paves the ground for negotiations. This role is ancient in the history of the World of Maluku. However, this paper highlights the role not in terms of reinventing traditions but in terms of reviving the dynamics of the World of Maluku that was historically always a very open society.