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Indigenous People and their struggle for survival: a study in the Red Corridor region of India
The indigenous people all-over world are struggling for their mere survival and the modern nation-states are less concerned about their rights. There is a growing need to protect the ‘right to livelihood’ of the indigenous people. But in India since the pre-colonial era the struggle for the rights to livelihood among the disadvantaged communities, more particularly the indigenous people in different parts of the country in general and specifically those settled across the red corridor region, has been very conspicuous. Livelihood of the tribal people who generally live amidst isolated forest terrain usually centres round forest, land and water. But such livelihood pattern has always been at stake since these natural resources are claimed as state properties and state tries to grasp these resources by dislocating the indigenous people from their traditional land and livelihood. As a result, displacement of indigenous groups from such places and their deprivation of the natural resources are on the rise in India as also found all over the world. In India the indigenous people are historically fighting for their rights over the natural resources: forest, land and minerals. Dealing with the indigenous groups across the red corridor, I have tried in the present study to assess the struggle for right to livelihood in the light of the Maoist violence in India. The study highlights the struggle for preservation of natural resources and protection of tribal people’ rights over these as the flag bearer of counter forces against neo-liberal policy.