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Issues and Consequences of Environmental Degradation: Micro Study Major Objective
The interaction between man and environment may be prevalent through its entire existence of life and ultimately it leads to the survival of human being and preservation of their cultural heritages. But the deterioration of the environment through depletion of its resources such as soil/land, forest, air and water; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution is accelerating the rate of environmental degradation globally very rapidly. In this regard, considering the effect of environmental degradation in the form of soil/land erosion, cyclonic storms, floods, high salinity, inundation of saline water in agricultural field on human life the present study has been conducted on the people of coastal Sagar and Ghoramara islands of Sundarban areas in Sagar Block, South 24-Parganas district, West Bengal. In last 142 years (1855-1997), 65.29 km2 (23%) area of land was washed away and became a part of the sea. Between 1684 and 1998 very violent cyclonic storms and floods took place in Sagar Block 29 times. The ever increasing salinity reduced the scope of alternative economy in this region. It is obvious that there will be a reflection on the concerned society, culture and economy in the context of above environmental reasons. High suicide rate is also noticed in the studied area. Why is a high rate of suicide found at Sagar and Ghoramara Island? Is it in any way linked with the environmental problems and degradation? All the above mentioned issues and their relations shall be discussed in this paper.