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Poznań, Poland - Morasko Kampus, room: 3.160
Economy Memory of Solidarity and Security
Europe has never been so secure and safe than it is today. The feelings of threat, insecurity and return of exclusivist solidarities have nevertheless substantially increased. The economic globalisation is considered the major source of insecurity and formations of new solidarity patterns in Eastern Europe are considered as particularly connected with the introduction of liberal capitalism after state-socialism. This paper aims to question this recent origin of (in)security/solidarity nexus and show how current concerns on security and solidarity are related to economic memory, i. e. to livelihood practices and ideas about the material world projected to the past by the present day politics. My first empirical case deals with Gorals, Tatra highlanders of Polish-Slovak borderland, whose tourist economy in Zakopane has integrated them into majority society while in the same time kept Gorals different from the ethnic majority. In the second case I argue that political radicals vis-à-vis the Roma in Slovakia mobilize neither ‘socialist’ nor ‘capitalist’ work ethnics, but the one I derive from post-peasant condition conomy has to be redrawn in a novel waye: kinship ties, material well-being, me Minister of Po. In the third case I return to my older research on (in)tolerance on the Polish-Ukrainian borderland and refer to East European refugee xenophobia in order to prove that solidarity and security in post-socialist European Union can only be politically enacted with regard to economy memory.